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Recently, I wrote a post titled “STEAM Lesson Part 1”, which detailed the beginning of a unit that the science teacher and I were creating. In that post, I described a lesson which the third graders used markers, beakers, and water to perform one of their recorder songs that utilizes the notes B, A, and G. Since then, the following has been accomplished:
Exploring the Concepts of Sound: In science class, the science teacher explored the following questions:
“What is sound?” What makes sound high and low?” “What makes sound loud and soft?” In music class, after they successfully performed one of their recorder songs using beakers, water, and markers, the students used the notes B, A, and G and the rhythms of whole, half, and quarter notes (and rests) to compose an 8-measure melody. In addition, they composed a second line for a percussion instrument that could play high and low pitches.
The students were grouped into three or four students. Together, they used http://www.noteflight.com to login and compose both parts. Noteflight has a variety of packages for education from free to an inexpensive cost per student. The students can compose from any computer where all of their work is saved and accessed from “the cloud.” In addition, we added a social studies component by having the students add lyrics about the state they studied for their 50 states unit. In this example, the third grader studied Maine and wrote a song about Maine’s lobsters.
Exploring Sound Waves: The students then used the program GarageBand to create an accompaniment to their melody and drum line composition. As they were exploring GarageBand, many of them noticed that the sound waves that are shown when they used an acoustic loop (the blue loops) in their accompaniment were similar to the sound waves they explored in science class. From there, they explored that the bigger the sound wave, the louder the sound. They also learned how recording a sound wave too loud could distort the wave and sound.
Investigating Materials to Produce Sounds: In science class, the students explored a variety of materials and the sounds they generate. In music class, the students explored a variety of ensembles from the ensembles at our school to a famous NYC ensemble to an ensemble made entirely from recycled materials (ArtEco Band).
Discovered How to Tune a String: In science class, they explored how to tune a rubber band so that it played a note on their recorders. In music class, we used the Guitar Tuna app projected onto the SMART Board to show the students how a guitar is tuned. We also discussed how to tune a rubber band so it plays the pitches B, A, and G.
Designing the Instrument: In science class, the students sketched a diagram of the instrument and made a list of the materials that they would need to make the instrument. In music class, the students performed one of their classmate’s compositions with the GarageBand accompaniment. If the students created a guitar in science class, then they performed the recorder line on their recorders. If the students created a percussion instrument in science class, then they performed the drum line on classroom percussion instruments.
Finale: Currently, the students are creating their guitars or percussion instruments in their science and music classes. The percussionists are feeling success as they can produce an instrument that plays a high and low pitch. The guitarists are working diligently on creating their instruments to produce the pitches B, A, and G. Many of them are experimenting with different recycled
materials that can fasten strings to the cardboard and be able to tune the strings at the same time. Finally, the students are preparing to use these instruments to perform and record their compositions.
Check back in the next few weeks to find out how the performance and unit concluded.
Amy M. Burns is an elementary music educator, clinician, author, and musician. She currently works at Far Hills Country Day School in Far Hills, NJ teaching PreK through Grade 3 general music, grade 5 instrumental music, and grades 4-8 instrumental band. She is the author of Technology Integration in the Elementary Music Classroom, Help! I am an Elementary Music Teacher with a SMART Board, and Help! I am an Elementary Music Teacher with One or more iPads! She is also an author for Online Learning Exchange™ Interactive Music powered by Silver Burdett. She has given numerous presentations on integrating technology into the elementary music classroom as well as being a keynote speaker for music technology conferences in Texas, Indiana, St. Maarten, and Australia. She is the recipient of the 2005 TI:ME Teacher of the Year Award, the 2016 NJ Master Music Teacher Award, the 2016 NJ Governor’s Leader in Arts Education Award, and the 2017 Non-Public School Teacher of the Year Award. You can find out more about Amy at her website: amymburns.com