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Understanding just how much a kilo-something, mega-this, giga-what or terra-anything is can be quite confusing. In my classes, I’ve found, when talking about megabytes and gigabytes, using an illustration can be quite helpful. Most new computers today have in excess of 1 gigabyte of memory installed and today’s newest hard drives are terabytes in size (raid devices -in the petabytes!).
In order to better understand the immensity of these numbers, I’ve made a comparison sheet using distance and the thickness of a standard CD as an example. I hope you find it entertaining, if not mind-boggling!
FYI- the prefixes, in order from smallest to largest, are: deca, hecto, kilo, mega, giga, terra, peta, exa, zeta, yotta…yotta, yotta!
The thickness of a CD is approximately 1.2 mm or .048 inches.
[Not a stack] 1 CD = 1.2 mm or .048 inches.
Not much to see here; look at one on your desk
[Decastack] 10 CDs stacked = 12mm or .48 inches
Almost ½ of an inch!
[Hectostack] 100 CDs stacked = 120mm or 4.8 inches
You’ve seen this many in spools on shelves in stores
[Kilostack] 1,000 CDs = 1,200mm or 48 inches
As tall as the average 5-6 year old
[Megastack] 1,000,000 CDs = 1,200,000mm or 47,244.1 inches
3,937 feet, ¾ of a mile long
[Gigastack] 1,000,000,000 CDs = 745 miles
The distance from NYC to Chicago -less 50 miles
[Terrastack] 1,000,000,000,000 CDs = 745,645 miles
Over three times the distance from the Earth to the Moon
[Petastack] Lots of CDs = 8.2 Astronomical Units (AU)
The distance from the Sun, past Jupiter -almost to Saturn
[Exastack] Oh My! CDs = 8021.5 AU
.12 of a Light Year or 706 billion miles!
[Zetastack] You can’t even imagine! CDs = 126.8 Light Years
38.9 Parsecs. A little over a 10th the length or our galaxy
[Yottastack] Fahgetaboutit! CDs = 38,889 Parsecs
All the way across the Milky Way -Plus!
Now, how many mp3s can fit on that many discs AND can you fit them on your iPod?
[tags] kilo, mega, giga, distance [/tags]
Joseph M. Pisano, Ph.D., is an industry innovator, educator, clinician and lecturer, trumpeter and conductor, and the creator of many music and education websites. He is currently the Vice President of Innovation and Engagement at Keystone Ridge Designs, Inc. After twenty-three years as a professor and administrator in higher education, he made the move into industry in 2018.
As one of the youngest full professors in Grove City’s history, he served in many capacities during his tenure including Professor of music, Director of Music and Fine Arts Technology, Technical Director of the Pew Fine Arts Center, Associate/Assistant Chair of Music and Fine Arts, Director of Jazz Studies.
He finished his tenure at the college as the Director of Bands, where he directed the college’s Symphonic Concert Band, Wind Ensemble, Marching Band, Pep Band, and various smaller ensembles. He continues to guest direct bands, consult with music programs, and adjudicate ensembles and programs today.
He has been named a TI:ME Teacher of the Year, received the JEN Jazz Educator Award, the PA Citation of Excellence, and named a “member for life” of the PA Intercollegiate Bandmasters Association. He is a past Vice President of the Technology Institute for Music Educators, an associate member of the American Bandmasters Association, a past President of the PA Intercollegiate Bandmasters Association, and a member of various education and music honoraries.
He has written for numerous publications including DCI Magazine, Teaching Music Magazine, SBO, and was the Educational Editor for In-Tune Monthly Magazine for eight years; he has contributed hundreds of articles to various publications.
He is an active conductor, trumpeter, clinician, and educator. Find out more at his website: jpisano.com.